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Refactoring is a crucial aspect of software development that involves restructuring and improving the internal structure of code without altering its external behavior.
Refactoring is not about fixing bugs or adding new features but it focuses on optimizing existing code. Theprocess involves small, incremental changes that enhance the overall quality of the software.

Why Refactoring

The primary goal of refactoring is to make code more readable, maintainable, and efficient. This practice plays a vital role in the development lifecycle, contributing to long-term project success and reducing technical debt.

When to Refactor

During Code Reviews

Code reviews are perfect time to identify areas for improvement. Team members can collaborate to discuss and suggest refactoring opportunities to enhance code quality.

When Adding New Features

Before adding new features, take a moment to evaluate the existing code. If there are areas that could be improved for better readability, maintainability, or efficiency, consider refactoring before introducing new functionality.

When Fixing Bugs

Fixing bugs is a great time to evaluate the surrounding code. If the error indicates a larger problem, refactoring can address the root cause and prevent similar errors from occurring in the future.

In Response to Code Smells

Code smells are indicators of potential issues in the codebase. If you encounter duplicated code, long methods, or other signs of poor design, consider refactoring to eliminate these smells and improve the overall quality of the code.